Media Watch 548

Attached is the current issue of Media Watch (#548)

Of particular interest in this week's issue:

Collaborative practice model: Improving the delivery of bad news

CLINICAL JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY NURSING, 2018;22(1):23-27. Ideal bad news delivery requires skilled communication and team support. The literature has primarily focused on patient preferences, impact on care decisions, healthcare roles, and communication styles, without addressing systematic implementation. This article describes how an interdisciplinary team, led by advanced practice nurses, developed and implemented a collaborative practice model to deliver bad news on a unit that had struggled with inconsistencies. The authors explored current processes, role perceptions and expectations, and perceived barriers to developing the model, which is now the standard of care and an example of interprofessional team collaboration across the healthcare system. This model for delivering bad news can be easily adapted to meet the needs of other clinical units. 

Law as clinical evidence: A new constitutive model of medical education and decision-making

JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY | Online – 18 January 2018 – Over several decades, ethics and law have been applied to medical education and practice in a way that reflects the continuation during the twentieth century of the strong distinction between facts and values. The authors explain the development of applied ethics and applied medical law and report selected results that reflect this applied model from an empirical project examining doctors’ decisions on withdrawing/withholding treatment from patients who lack decision-making capacity. The model is critiqued, and an alternative “constitutive” model is supported on the basis that medicine, medical law, and medical ethics exemplify the inevitable entanglement of facts and values. The model requires that ethics and law be taught across the medical education curriculum and integrated with the basic and clinical sciences and that they be perceived as an integral component of medical evidence and practice. Law, in particular, would rank as equal in normative authority to the relevant clinical scientific “facts” of the case, with graduating doctors having as strong a basic command of each category as the other. The normalization of legal knowledge as part of the clinician’s evidence base to be utilized in practice may provide adequate consolation for clinicians who may initially resent further perceived incursions on their traditional independence and discretion. 

 

Spiritual care training in healthcare: Does it really have an impact?

PALLIATIVE & SUPPORTIVE CARE | Online – 23 January 2018 – Spiritual care has formed an integral part of palliative care (PC) since its inception. People with advanced illnesses, however, frequently report their spiritual needs are not attended to by their medical care team. This study examined and describes the impact of a spiritual care training program on practice and cultural change in a Canadian hospice. The authors’ data suggest the program had a profound personal impact on attendees and contributed to a slight shift in practice patterns in their organization. Using a program not specifically tailored to local and organizational cultural contexts resulted in some unanticipated challenges such as the range of tensions between personal and cultural boundaries. Although some people criticized parts of the program or questioned the program’s value, a general agreement suggests the program had a positive impact and meaningfully benefited the hospice. “What will happen next?” was the question most frequently voiced by interviewees. The present study suggests a systematic approach to spiritual care training that includes the concepts of workplace spirituality and sensitive practice offer useful frameworks for the development and implementation of spiritual care training in other institutions.